Amazing Facts about Birds


Table of Contents


  • The fastest bird is the peregrine falcon . It can swoop down on its prey at a speed of 300 km an hour.
  • The largest bird is the ostrich. It can grow as tall as 2.5 metres and it weighs about 150 kg.
  • The smallest bird is the hummingbird. It measures about 5 cm and weighs only 3 grams.
  • The greatest traveller is the Arctic tern. It travels about 17 000 km between its breeding grounds in the Arctic and its winter home in the Antarctic.



  • The fastest running bird is the ostrich. It can run at a speed of up to 70 km an hour.
  • The highest fliers are vultures and geese. They have been seen at heights of almost 10,000 metres.
  • The heaviest flying bird is the great bustard. It must fly with a weight of about 20 kg.
  • The Australian pelican has the longest beak—47 cm.
  • Owls have the best vision and hearing at night.
  • Storks and albatrosses have the longest wingspans (almost 4 metres) .
  • Parrots are the longest-living birds. They can reach an age of up to 100 years.


Online Exercises



  • beak = the hard and pointed mouth of a bird
  • breeding grounds =places where animals go to lay eggs or have babies
  • bustard =large European land bird
  • hummingbird =a very brightly coloured tropical bird whose wings move very quickly
  • measure =here: how long something is
  • owl = a bird with large eyes that hunts at night
  • peregrine falcon = a hunting bird with a black and white body
  • prey = an animal or bird that is hunted and eaten by another animal
  • swoop = to move down very quickly in order to attack someone or something
  • tern =a black and white sea bird that has long wings and a tail with two points
  • vulture = a large bird that eats dead animals
  • weigh =how heavy something is
  • wingspan = the distance from one end of the wing to the other