Europe's Oldest Town Found in Bulgaria

Europe's oldest town has been found near the continent's oldest salt mines in Provadia , in northeastern Bulgaria. The site is reported to be 7,000 years old. At that time salt was an important means of trade . It was used as money .

The ancient town's population made a good living by selling salt. Archaeologists have also learned a lot about the people of that time by examining their burial sites. They lived in two-storey house protected by thick walls.






  • ancient = old
  • archaeologist = person who is interested in old civilizations and studies what remains of their buildings
  • bun-shaped = a small-round form at the back of your head
  • burial site = place where a person’s grave is
  • ceramic bowl = a wide round open container made out of baked clay
  • copper = soft reddish brown metal that lets electricity pass through easily
  • corpse = body
  • dweller = a person who lives in a place
  • essential = very important
  • evaporate = to change into gas
  • excavation = to dig carefully in order to find old objects and bones
  • lucrative = expensive, well-paid
  • make a living = earn money
  • mining = to dig minerals out of the ground and sell them
  • needle = small thin piece of metal
  • pelvis = set of large curved bones at the end of your beck, to which your legs are joined
  • precious = very valuable
  • resource = raw material
  • ritual = tradition , custom
  • roughly = about
  • settlement= group of houses in a place where few people have lived before
  • spiral = curved around a central point
  • technique = method