Lost Civilization Under the Persian Gulf?


A new scientific   study   has   revealed   that one of the earliest civilizations might have existed under what is today the Persian Gulf.   According to   climate experts, the Ice Age came to an end about 8,000 years ago and the Indian Ocean   flooded   the Persian Gulf basin .

The region lies in the southern part of the   Fertile Crescent . It would have been an area that   received   a lot of fresh water from the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. At that time the area would have been a great place to live because the   surrounding   areas were deserts. The   inhabitants   probably lived in stone houses,   raised   animals and built the oldest boats in the world.


Archaeologists   found new   sites   near the coastline of the Persian Gulf that   date   back to 25,000 Before Christ. The population may have come from the middle of the Persian Gulf basin .   Rising   water levels made them move to the   edges   of the gulf.   Sea level   data shows that the area had been dry for about 100,000 years before flooding began.

Archaeological sites in Yemen and Oman show that the population had stone   tools   like the ones that were   discovered   in Eastern Africa. Some people may have moved   further eastwards to areas that were wetter.

Real   evidence   for a civilization in the Persian Gulf can only be found if   scientists   were able to find and   excavate   an underwater   settlement .

The Persian Gulf


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  • according to   = as said by …
  • archaeologist   = a person who studies old civilizations and the cultures that existed there
  • basin   = place where the surface of the earth is lower than in other areas
  • data   = information
  • date back   = go back
  • discover   = find
  • edge   = outside part of
  • evidence   = facts that show that something is true
  • excavate   = to dig carefully in order to find old objects or buildings
  • Fertile Crescent   = area in the Middle East that has a curved shape ; it is the land around the rivers Tigris and Euphrates; many important civilizations emerged there
  • flood   = to cover with water
  • further   = more
  • inhabitant   = a person who lives in a place
  • raise   = feed animals so that you can use them as food
  • receive   = get
  • reveal   = show
  • rise   = to go up
  • scientist   = a person who is trained in science
  • sea level   = the average height of the oceans
  • settlement   = group of houses where people live
  • site   = area where old buildings once stood
  • study   =  piece of work that is done to find out more about a special topic
  • surrounding   = nearby
  • tool   = something that you hold in your hand , with which you can do a certain job