World AIDS Day

 

December 1 is World AIDS Day. It is   dedicated   to make people more aware  of the AIDS disease   around the world.   Celebrities  who died of AIDS are remembered on this day. Government  officials   and celebrities hold speeches and organize special events on this day. World AIDS Day has become the best known health day in the world.

In the past few years AIDS awareness has gone down. People no longer talk about it as much as they had done in previous  years. But, still,   HIV remains a threat to men and women and children around the world. World AIDS Day is supposed to make sure that we don’t forget AIDS.   Politicians must keep it on their  agenda , even though there are many other global crises to deal with.

World AIDS Day was first organized by two  WHO officials in 1988. Since then it has been held every year with a new topic chosen every few years. The   current   theme is “Stop AIDS, Keep the Promise”.

AIDS has killed over 25 million people since 1981. About 40 million people around the world are   infected with HIV . There are 2.7 million new  victims every year. Africa south of the Sahara desert is the region that is most  affected by AIDS. Almost 70% of the world’s AIDS  victims live here.

HIV is a virus that attacks the  immune system of the body and  weakens or  destroys it. Then a person is too weak to fight off infections. Up to now modern medicine has not yet come up with a   vaccine against AIDS but there is medicine that can slow down the infection. In some cases people can live up to ten years longer with the disease.

 

The virus can be  transmitted in different ways.   Couples who have sexual intercourse can get HIV from each other. Drug  addicts can pass the virus to those who use the same needle. AIDS can be transmitted by infected blood after transfusions . The virus can also be passed to an unborn baby from its mother.

 

World Aids Day

graphics by Niki K Aids Awareness Red Ribbon Lapel pins http://www.aochiworld.com

 

Related Topics

 

Words:

  • addict   = someone who cannot stop taking drugs
  • affect   = to do something that changes a person’s situation
  • agenda   =list of problems or topics
  • aware   = to realize that something exists
  • awareness   = understanding of a topic
  • celebrity   = star, famous person
  • couple   = a man and a woman
  • current   = right now
  • deal with   = manage
  • dedicate   = to give attention to
  • destroy   = damage completely, so that it does not work any more
  • disease   = illness
  • HIV   = virus that enters the body through blood or sexual activity
  • immune system   = system of your body that protects it from diseases
  • infect   = to give someone the disease
  • official   = someone who has a high position in a country
  • politician   = someone who works in politics or is a member of the government
  • previous   = earlier
  • remain   = stay
  • sexual intercourse   = when two people have sex with each other
  • threat   = danger
  • topic   = subject, theme
  • transfusion   =to put blood from one person into another
  • transmit   = pass on, spread
  • vaccine   = medicine that is used to protect people from getting the virus
  • victim   = someone who suffers from the disease
  • weaken   = to make weaker
  • WHO   = World Health Organization